I played The Resistance for the first time a couple weeks ago and am interested in writing a simulation program to test strategies. I know that mathematical analysis has been done on Mafia proper, but does anyone know of work that has been done to analyze The Resistance?
Here's a mathematical analysis of a potential winning strategy for the Resistance side: http://amininima.wordpress.com/2013/05/18/the-resistance/
And there's a thread on Boardgamegeek where they're trying to determine a formula for "spy-ness": http://boardgamegeek.com/thread/759016/using-excel-to-find-spies
Hope this answers your question!