Some lands have an ability to become a creature, but they usually say they are still a land. If a land is a 3/3 creature, and a land, can you target and kill it with a Lightning Bolt to send it to the graveyard, or does it remain in play as a land?
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From the Magic Comprehensive Rules (oops big edits. I accidentally googled old version of the rules. These rules are effective as of May 1, 2011):
For absolute clarity, here is part of the rules on "State-Based Actions"
So the sequence goes like this.
You certainly can "kill" a land, but "kill" is not the proper Magic term. Over the years Magic has become very specific about the terms used to describe cards, abilities and effects just to avoid "intuitive" confusion like this (how can you kill a land???) The term your friend was looking for was:
There are plenty of magic cards which have the words
If you change a card's type, it loses it's existing types [CR 205.1a]. "It's still a land" makes it so it gains the creature type without losing the land type [CR 205.1b]. As such, it is both a creature and a land.
The consensus here is that land-creatures that are dealt fatal damage go to the graveyard, just like any other creature. That's the way we've always played it among my friends, and this seems to be what that "turn all lands into 2/2 creatures" card is for -- that and a couple general-damage spells can really hurt.
In addition to being creatures, these cards are also still lands and are affected by land-targeting effects (like Strip Mine). Because it is a land it is not affected by cards that target "non-land", like Abrupt Decay. (Hat tip to Ian Pugsley and Rawgramming for these examples in comments.)
Yes. There's no reason why a land creature shouldn't be destroyed by any of the various ways that destroy creatures. Being a land doesn't confer some kind of special immunity on creatures.
Of course, you can't normally destroy a land with a Lightning Bolt, but that's only because you can't target a land with a Lightning Bolt, and even if you did, it wouldn't have a toughness score to make sense of the damage assigned to it. Suppose someone targeted your land creature with a Bolt, and in response you removed the effect that was turning your land into a creature (by Disenchanting Living Lands, perhaps). At this point the land is once again an illegal target for the Bolt, so the burn spell would be countered by game rules and your land would be safe!
Bonus Answer: Of course, every rule in Magic has its exceptions. If you want your creature land to survive taking lethal damage from a Lightning Bolt, you can always play Consecrate Land on it!
I think it may depend on the effect and the version. For example, if you look at Living Lands, the ruling is right there on the card:
Creeping Tar Pit, on the other hand, has the wording that you heard:
Now, I'm not up on current rules, but to me, the key is to take that last sentence in context. This is what I see:
I believe that "becomes a creature" indicates that it can be targeted by effects that affect creatures, and that "is a land" indicates that it can also be targeted by effects that affect lands. (In other words, it isn't converted into a creature; it is a land and also a creature.)