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I have read somewhere, but unfortunately forgot where that the following enclosure is safe against the invasion at a.

$$ White invades at 'a' and supposedly dies.
$$ ---------
$$ -........
$$ -........
$$ -..a..X..
$$ -...X....
$$ -........
$$ -..X.....
$$ -........

What is the proper way to defend after white a? Is there a way for white to live, even in gote?

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1 Answer

up vote 14 down vote accepted

First of all, note that, unlike the more popular shape with a kosumi instead of a keima, this shape carries a lot more aji and is vulnerable to yose tesuji and approach moves.

$$ A lot less aji
$$ ---------
$$ -........
$$ -........
$$ -.....X..
$$ -...X....
$$ -..X.....
$$ -........
$$ -........

Oh, and by the way, an invasion is supposed to live in gote. Invading and living in sente is something you definitely don't want your opponent to be able to. In a shape with 3 (!) black stones vs a single white stone, living has to be super hard, and even a ko is a success for white.

Killing the invasion

The shape you showed, as is, is indeed save against an invasion. It involves a tesuji you need to remember though, and you also need to be able to read tsumego at, I guess, strong kyu level to be able to kill.

$$Wcm1 The invasion
$$ ---------
$$ -........
$$ -....2...
$$ -..1..X..
$$ -...X....
$$ -........
$$ -..X.....
$$ -........

B2 is tesuji to kill.

$$Wcm1 White can't live
$$ ---------
$$ -.98.....
$$ -.5..X...
$$ -0.O..X..
$$ -.7.X....
$$ -6134....
$$ -.2X.....
$$ -........

Why can't black simply block?

$$Wcm1 Black fails - white gets a ko
$$ ---------
$$ -..98....
$$ -.7.56...
$$ -..12.X..
$$ -..3X....
$$ -..4.....
$$ -..X.....
$$ -........

Aji

How is this shape dependent on the outside? Well, first, any approach move is virtually sente:

$$Wcm1 If black tenukies, the invasion becomes a huge danger again. But answering locally likely leads to overconcentration.
$$ ----------
$$ -.........
$$ -.........
$$ -.....X.1.
$$ -...X.....
$$ -.........
$$ -..X......
$$ -.........

Also, even nearby stones affect the tsumego severly:

$$Wcm1 Thanks to nearby stones, the fight is tough for black, he should not have tried to kill white in the corner.
$$ ------------
$$ -.OX........
$$ -XO..X......
$$ -X.O56X...Q.
$$ -OO.X79.....
$$ -XOOX8......
$$ -.XX13......
$$ -...........
$$ -..2.4......
$$ -...........
$$ -..Q........
$$ -...........

In short, the shape works, but it's so packed with aji that usually, it's better to hold back a little and play more solid.

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Oh wow, I didn't know this enclosure has so many aji! Thanks a lot! –  dr Hannibal Lecter Nov 12 '11 at 20:07
8  
Summary: this shape does not appear in professional/high-dan games because the extra few points (versus the shape mafutrct showed at the top) is not worth the bad aji. –  Laval Nov 12 '11 at 20:55
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