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25

They can't refuse a shortcut[1]; they can merely shorten it by naming a place where they will deviate from the shortcut. The game then advances to that point, and they must take a different action than the shortcut. 716.2b Each other player, in turn order starting after the player who suggested the shortcut, may either accept the proposed sequence, or ...


22

TL;DR: You survive if the damage and the life gain happen during the resolution of a single spell or ability. If the damage happens in one ability, and the life gain happens in a later one, you lose in between. In all of your situations except for the third (the one with Armadillo Cloak), you will survive. This is because in all of those cases, in every way ...


17

When you are playing a game, you can reorder your hand whenever you want. Your opponent is not supposed to know which card is which in your hand unless your hand is revealed. If a spell allows you to make your opponent discard a card, it will either say [Player] discards a card at random from their hand. In which case, you should shuffle the hand ...


15

Any. Your graveyard is a graveyard. Your opponent's graveyard is a graveyard. Cards in either graveyards are cards in a graveyard. It would say "your graveyard" or "an opponent's graveyard" otherwise.


12

Yes, Heroic does trigger in that situation, and he does gain the 2 life. This is because Heroic triggers when you cast the spell, before it resolves and has any effects. Basically, it plays out like this: Your opponent casts Turn to Frog targeting his Setessan Battle Priest. The Priest's Heroic ability triggers. Now there are two objects on the stack: the ...


11

Just for posterity's sake, this is the relevant rule that governs this scenario: 400.5. The order of objects in a library, in a graveyard, or on the stack can't be changed except when effects or rules allow it. The same is true for objects arranged in face-down piles in other zones. Other objects in other zones can be arranged however their owners wish, ...


10

Your friend is incorrect. The "magic words" for a triggered ability, which an ETB is a subset of, are "When", "Whenever" and "At." Triggered abilities use the stack and can be responded to. 603.1. Triggered abilities have a trigger condition and an effect. They are written as "[Trigger condition], [effect]," and begin with the word "when," "whenever," ...


10

Since Purphoros doesn't have enough devotion to make him a creature there is indeed a loop, but it's not a loss for any player, but a draw: 104.4b If a game that’s not using the limited range of influence option (including a two-player game) somehow enters a “loop” of mandatory actions, repeating a sequence of events with no way to stop, the game is a ...


10

The original rules for Elder Dragon Legend Wars had the following as part of the rules: players choose (or select at random) an Elder Dragon Legend as their army's leader. The dragon must be supported by creatures and spells corresponding to each of the Dragon's three specific casting colours. Players designate and announce three of their creatures as ...


9

Yes, you can use white tokens to pay for white mana costs with Convoke. The rule for Convoke says Convoke is a static ability that functions while the spell with convoke is on the stack. "Convoke" means "For each colored mana in this spell’s total cost, you may tap an untapped creature of that color you control rather than pay that mana. For each generic ...


9

During the resolution of an instant spell, sorcery spell, or ability, there is the following step: 608.2b If the spell or ability specifies targets, it checks whether the targets are still legal. ... The spell or ability is countered if all its targets, for every instance of the word “target,” are now illegal. If Last Word's targets are no longer ...


9

It sounds like you're trying to determine which of two possible models is the real one: If all players pass priority in succession, then every spell/ability on the stack resolves, with no further opportunities to respond until it is empty. If this is the real model, then you can't sacrifice the goblin token to Goblin Bombardment before Doom Blade resolves. ...


9

The most likely outcome is that one player loses when he has no more cards to draw: 104.3c If a player is required to draw more cards than are left in his or her library, he or she draws the remaining cards, and then loses the game the next time a player would receive priority. Other possible outcome is a draw during a tournament game with time limit, ...


8

Competitive and Professional REL You are always required to shuffle your opponents' decks. From Section 3.9 of the Tournament Rules: At Competitive and Professional REL tournaments, players are required to shuffle their opponents’ decks after their owners have shuffled them Regular REL You are usually not obligated to shuffle your opponents' decks. ...


8

Alice will not die because an overloaded Counterflux also counters Serra Avatar In the order that you described, Counterflux is the last spell to enter the stack, and therefore the first to resolve. It counters Autumn's Veil and Serra Avatar, removing both from the stack. Essence Backlash no longer has a valid target and is itself countered when it comes to ...


8

608.2b is neither a spell nor an ability, it is a rule of the game, therefore it can counter Last Word. This is why all spells that can't be countered and have targets include the 'by spells or abilities' text, as opposed to Thrun, the Last Troll or Supreme Verdict which do not have targets and thus do not need that additional clause. They just say '~ can't ...


8

They lose the game. 120.4. A player who attempts to draw a card from a library with no cards in it loses the game the next time a player would receive priority. 104.3c If a player is required to draw more cards than are left in his or her library, he or she draws the remaining cards, and then loses the game the next time a player would receive ...


8

The correct interpretation is the second option. You have satisfied the condition, and Llanowar Elves ends up in its owner's graveyard. This is because rule 117.12 says Some spells, activated abilities, and triggered abilities read, "[Do something]. If [a player] [does or doesn't], [effect]." or "[A player] may [do something]. If [that player] [does or ...


7

It will still be targeting the Avatar but since it is no longer a legal target, due to being in the graveyard and not on the stack, the Backlash will "fizzle" (be countered due to lacking a legal target). This means that it will not deal damage to the Avatar's controller. 701.5a To counter a spell or ability means to cancel it, removing it from the ...


7

Yes. 114.1b Aura spells are always targeted. These are the only permanent spells with targets. An Aura’s target is specified by its enchant keyword ability (see rule 702.5, “Enchant”). The target(s) are chosen as the spell is cast; see rule 601.2c. An Aura permanent doesn’t target anything; only the spell is targeted. (An activated or triggered ...


7

Rule 109.2 says If a spell or ability uses a description of an object that includes a card type or subtype, but doesn't include the word "card," "spell," "source," or "scheme," it means a permanent of that card type or subtype on the battlefield. In its targetting clause, Cloudshift says "creature" without any of the specified words, so it's referring ...


7

Redirect only allows you to change a spell's targets. Retract does not target; it just affects you. Rule 114.1a says An instant or sorcery spell is targeted if its spell ability identifies something it will affect by using the phrase "target [something]," where the "something" is a phrase that describes an object, player, or zone. The target(s) are ...


7

Since it is a legal play under some outcomes of the process of casting it, it is a legal play. If your opponent chooses the mode where you draw cards, it will become an illegal spell and the game will be reverted to the state it was in before you began casting it. The precedent for this comes from a card specific ruling on Selvala, Explorer Returned: ...


7

Mana cost is a characteristic of an object (202.1). Color is a characteristic of an object (202.2). Thran Lens modifies the color of permanents. Devotion depends on mana cost of permanents (700.5). Devotion does not depend on color (because there is no rule that says it does). Therefore, an object's color may change, but that would not affect its ...


6

It's a single cost and you pay both parts. From the Comprehensive Rules: 602.1 Activated abilities have a cost and an effect. They are written as “[Cost]: [Effect.] [Activation instructions (if any).]” 602.1a The activation cost is everything before the colon (:). An ability’s activation cost must be paid by the player who is activating it. ...


6

You do have a chance to cast Collateral Damage. Vexing Devil's ability is a triggered ability, so the ability goes on the stack when the creature enters the battlefield, and you can respond to it before it resolves. You can tell that it's a triggered ability by rule 603.1: Triggered abilities have a trigger condition and an effect. They are written as ...


6

Players who drop during limited events own the cards that they correctly have in their possession at that time. This includes any unopened or partially drafted boosters. Like the rule says, if you drop, you keep any unopened or partially drafted boosters. Even if you pack two mythic rares. If the rule is not convincing enough, here is a Level 2 judge's ...


6

No, Dragon Tempest's ability does not see the devoured Dragons when the Dragon token enters the battlefield. As you can see in the reminder text on Dragon Broodmother, the Devour ability says As the token enters the battlefield, you may sacrifice any number of creatures. It enters the battlefield with twice that many +1/+1 counters on it. This means ...


5

One of the clearest "life stealing" mechanics is Extort, which is a triggered ability permanents have that says Whenever you cast a spell, you may pay {W/B}. If you do, each opponent loses 1 life and you gain life equal to the total life lost this way. Extort is from the Return to Ravnica block, and there were two intro packs built around it and ...


5

Both are used in Magic variant formats; that is, not the "usual" rules of the game. Phenomenon is a card type used in the Planechase format. Cards of this type are oversized, and put in a separate planar deck, along with Plane cards, not the deck that becomes the player's library. Ongoing is a supertype that only applies to the Scheme card type, which is ...



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