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The economy is in fact over-expanded, particularly in railroad construction, and the weak link turns out to be the banking house of Jay Cooke and Company, which helped the U.S. Government finance the Civil War and also underwrote the construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad. Jay Cooke and Company, a large and respected banking house declares itself bankrupt, and announces its failure on September 18, 1873.. (The bank's collapse precipitates the "Panic of 1873" and the ensuing three yea depression during which more than 10,000 businesses fail.     The basic economic problems are overproduction, a declining market and deflation. Investors in Europe, where a depression is already underway, begin to call in American loans. The New York Stock Exchange closes its doors for 10 days; other businesses fail; and railroad construction is curtailed, with some railroads defaulting on their bonds. The unemployed begin to move about the country seeking jobs, and bread lines appear in the cities. The hard times drove numbers of laboring people and those in humble circumstances to the West and other portions of the country, to seek the rewards which the stagnation of business in the great commercial centre denied them.


Feb
5
revised Can Bear Hug force a player to destroy an Incorporeal minion?
added 552 characters in body
Feb
5
comment Can Bear Hug force a player to destroy an Incorporeal minion?
@ikegami, what makes you think the "player verbs" have any bearing on the matter? I see nothing in the rules that says players do anything. The rules do say to, "follow the instructions on the card," and the instructions on Bear Hug affect other player's creatures. Where is your evidence that players affect anything?
Feb
5
revised Can Bear Hug force a player to destroy an Incorporeal minion?
added 108 characters in body
Feb
5
comment Can Bear Hug force a player to destroy an Incorporeal minion?
@ikegami, the rules state that you follow the instructions on the cards. Players don't affect anything, only cards do.
Feb
5
revised Can Bear Hug force a player to destroy an Incorporeal minion?
added 59 characters in body
Feb
5
answered Can Bear Hug force a player to destroy an Incorporeal minion?
Jan
31
comment Penalty For Skipping Priority
@SamIam, it isn't reaction based, but the rules indicate if a warning is issued for Game Play Error, the other player receives a Failure to Maintain Game State. I would guess if you reacted fast enough that the opponent couldnt put the early draw in their hand your warning could be reduced.
Jan
31
comment Penalty For Skipping Priority
"As such, the resolution was to tap his land, he was not permitted to tap it to generate mana to cast any instants." That seems odd to me. Assuming he had waited to draw a card and did pass priority, he could have always tapped the land in response. Why would the judge rule this way?
Jan
31
answered Penalty For Skipping Priority
Jan
31
comment Penalty For Skipping Priority
Why can't you at the start of the game inform your opponent that you might want to do something during one of their upkeeps. His way you don't hint when you are going to Mana Short them, and they have to explicitly pass priority to go to their Draw Step.
Jan
29
comment What happens if both players have the ability to pump their creature an unlimited number of times?
@Hackworth, but there is the rub. Both the blocking and attacking creature care what the other's P/T are, since knowing that determines which creature if any dies/lives. Given the CR example, what if one plyer controlled a creature thats P/T was altered by the number of creatures with flying in play? (Then woul nothing care about the flying status of the {0} activation creature?
Jan
29
comment What happens if both players have the ability to pump their creature an unlimited number of times?
@JoeW, I think the problem is that WotC has never defined game-state. but without an official definition of game state it is difficult to answer.
Jan
29
comment What happens if both players have the ability to pump their creature an unlimited number of times?
@JoeW," just players pumping their creatures +1/+1 then nothing changes" Nothing except the P/T of the creatures, so I don't think you can claim that you have the same game state.
Jan
29
comment What happens if both players have the ability to pump their creature an unlimited number of times?
I assure you, as the attacker if you have Backlash or Fling in your hand, when both creatures change from 1/1 to 100/100 the results are not the same.
Jan
28
awarded  Popular Question
Jan
27
comment Are Magic The Gathering Proxy cards illegal to print?
@John, You misunderstood. I think it is odd for Bob to warn you about giving legal advice when telling someone not to break the law. I actualy made no comment specifical0ly to Rule 3, but I woud think it would apply for a single card with artwork, and not apply for a single card without artwork. IANAL
Jan
27
comment Are Magic The Gathering Proxy cards illegal to print?
@ikegami, I think you have that backwards, owning the copyright is precisely what makes it legal to make a copy and what allows you to give others permission to make copies as well.
Jan
27
comment Are Magic The Gathering Proxy cards illegal to print?
@John, two? I was making a joke, and warning against giving professional financial advice.
Jan
27
comment Are Magic The Gathering Proxy cards illegal to print?
@ikegami, I don't know precisely, I don't work for Costco. My guess is that the policy is to not print anything that they think isn't owned by the original copyright owner. (I.e. if you bring a wedding photo CD and ask for prints, you need to "claim" that the photos are not professional, that you took them, and possibly give them a release form signed by you that you are releasing them from liability for printing ) In this situation, Costco correctly identified the copyright for the mtg cards as being held by someone other than the person bringing them in.
Jan
27
comment Are Magic The Gathering Proxy cards illegal to print?
@John, it would be quite odd to warn someone of the dangers of "giving legal" advice when they are telling someone not to do something illegal. You seem to be applying that proxies wouldn't qualify for fair use under Rule 3, so you shouldn't proxy. This would be akin to saying you shouldn't kill your wife, because it is murder. (Perhaps if you were giving financial advice as a tax professional and said you shouldn't kill your wife, but failed to note the marriage penalty increases your tax liability, therefore costing you thousands of dollars.)