Some lands and artifacts have abilities which allow them to be animated, and turned into creatures until end of turn. Examples include Inkmoth Nexus, Blinkmoth Nexus, Azorious Keyrune, Treetop Village and several others. These abilities can be activated at any time, and then those permanents can be used to attack that turn.

At what point during the turn should abilities that animate non-creatures be activated so that they can attack?

  • Question has been downvoted - can anyone tell me what I need to improve?
    – Patters
    Apr 23, 2013 at 14:13
  • Doesn't look like it. You're currently at 1 upvote, 0 downvotes. Maybe someone undid an upvote?
    – Alex P
    Apr 23, 2013 at 15:35
  • someone undid a downvote - i guess it was intended for my answer rather than for the question
    – Patters
    Apr 23, 2013 at 15:41
  • Re "and then those permanents can be used to attack that turn", I don't know why you mentioned this. It makes it sound like they aren't subject to summoning sickness, but they are. If the permanent hasn't been under your control since the beginning of your most recent turn, it can't attack (unless it has haste).
    – ikegami
    Apr 23, 2013 at 19:54

2 Answers 2


You should activate them at some point before the declare attackers step on a turn after they enter the battlefield (unless they have haste).

Here's a breakdown of the declare attackers step:

508.1. First, the active player declares attackers.

508.2. Second, any abilities that triggered on attackers being declared go on the stack.

508.3. Third, the active player gets priority. Players may cast spells and activate abilities.

Clearly, during the declare attackers step, it is too late to activate the abilities (508.3) in order to make them attackers (508.1). However, you are free to do so during your upkeep, first main phase, and beginning of Combat step and it will be eligible to attack.

Note that if you cast a keyrune and turn it into a creature, it cannot attack. This is because permanents that are creatures are unable to attack or use activated abilities with the tap symbol in them unless they have been under their owners control continuously since their most recent turn began (302.6).

It could still be tapped for mana if it is not a creature but as soon as you turn it into a creature it can no longer be tapped to activate abilities the turn it comes into play.

With regards to shortcuts, according to the

A statement such as "I'm ready for combat" or "Declare attackers?" offers to keep passing priority until an opponent has priority in the beginning of combat step. Opponents are assumed to be acting then unless they specify otherwise.

In other words, the following exchanges between Aaron the Attacker and Dave the Defender, officiated by Jerry the Judge, have different outcomes

Scenario 1

Aaron: Attacks? long pause

Dave: nods head

Aaron: I activate my keyrune and swing with him for 2.

Dave: Judge!

Jerry: Sorry Aaron, because you passed priority with your "Attacks?" comment, your keyrune was activated too late to be an attacker.

Scenario 2

Aaron: Attacks - I activate my keyrune. long pause

Dave: nods head

Aaron: I swing with him for 2.

Dave: I take 2, I'm at 18 life.

Jerry: I'm going to sip this margarita because I'm not needed here. sips margarita

  • In hindsight, judges should probably not be drinking while on active judge duty.
    – corsiKa
    Feb 17, 2016 at 23:58


Having discussed the below with several local judges, it has been made clear that the below would actually be a very totalitarian view for a judge to take, and as long as you state clearly your intentions you probably will still get to activate your man land.

The correct time to activate man lands is any point during your turn before the declare attackers step, as has been mentioned in other answers. As an addendum, being extremely clear about where you are in the turn when you are activating them is key in tournament play. Better safe than sorry!

The main parts of the turn relevant to this question are:

some of the sub steps are omitted, as they are not relevant.

  • Beginning Phase
  • Main Phase
  • Combat Phase
    • Beginning of Combat step
    • Declare Attackers step
    • Declare Blockers step
    • Damage step
    • End of Combat step

When you are playing a game of magic, you are playing with/against another person. This is the key to the answer to this question, as while you are entitled to animate these permanents at any point before the Declare Attackers step, in a real game of magic,

unless the active player explicitly passes priority in their main phase, to have priority in their beginning of combat step. the active player only has priority in their beginning of combat step if their opponent chooses to do something in that step.

this is due to a shortcut listed in the rules, wherein the active player declares "attacks?" or "move to attack" or "combat" or some similar statement. This shortcut, in the literal sense, translates to "Pass priority up until you have priority in the Beginning of Combat step". The result of this shortcut is, if you move into the combat phase, you are automatically giving your opponent priority just before you declare attackers. If your opponent passes priority, the game moves to the Declare Attackers step and you have missed your opportunity to animate.

The latest safe opportunity to animate your man lands, or other permanents that become creatures through activating an ability, is in the First Main Phase. if you leave it until after this point, you are in the hands of your opponent and the judge staff for whether you get to activate the man land. If you cant demonstrate a good reason (for example, to empty some mana from your opponent's mana pool), they will probably not let you activate.

Source for this shortcut: Tournament Procedure Guide - section 4.2, Bullet point 2

A Statement such as "I'm Ready for combat", or "Declare attackers?" offers to keep passing priority until an opponent has priority in the beginning of combat step. Opponents are assumed to be acting then unless they specify otherwise

also covered in these articles



  • I'm sceptical of the claim that "you never have priority in your beginning of combat step" - it may be true, but can you back it up further? With reference to the comprehensive rules on shortcuts etc, I guess I mean. Apr 23, 2013 at 14:43
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    507. Beginning of Combat Step ... 507.3. Third, the active player gets priority. Players may cast spells and activate abilities.
    – Cascabel
    Apr 23, 2013 at 14:48
  • 2
    I feel like saying "Can I declare attackers?" might imply you want to skip the beginning of combat step, but that's a totally different thing from it being impossible for the active player ever to gain priority in the beginning of combat step... Apr 23, 2013 at 15:49
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    for the record, I'll un-downvote when and only when your post no longer suggests that the first main phase is the latest point to activate your man-land Apr 23, 2013 at 16:15
  • 1
    @Rawrgramming What you're saying here is that the commonly used shortcut goes to the declare attackers step. That's orthogonal to the question you actually asked, about activating these abilities. Clearly, the rules give you the choice to activate them during the beginning of combat step (for whatever reason). Yes, there are things you can say which translate to "I'm skipping over that step", but it seems you're being really eager to restate that as "you can't do anything in that step unless you can justify it to a judge."
    – Cascabel
    Apr 23, 2013 at 16:43

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