According to this review, which relied on the reviewer's memory for some details of the original, there are some functional differences:
- Marxists Leninists card removed.
- First Fire rule removed.
Also variants have been added to allow players to make the game longer or shorter, variants not given in the original.
These include timed rounds, modifications on who can start a coup, the foreign aid stack getting exhausted more expediently, or conversely all used bills going back into the stack. Additional house rules include players in Exile participating in coups via bribes, assassinations being blocked via assassin cards etc.
And according to this BGG post, there's also
- change to the rules for going into exile