What are some rule changes that shorten the game, and what drawbacks do those changes have?

Please limit your answers to rules changes with which you have first-hand experience!

  • 1
    possible duplicate of How to reduce slow starts at the beginning of the game? Commented Jun 29, 2011 at 22:29
  • 1
    Are you asking what the existing standard ways are, or are you asking for suggestions about how to speed up your game? Commented Jun 30, 2011 at 6:21
  • 2
    I don't care whether the rule changes are standard, just that you have some first-hand experience with those rule changes and can speak to their effects on play.
    – warbaker
    Commented Jun 30, 2011 at 18:02
  • 2
    @Lance I hope the answers here differ from the ones at 'how to reduce slow starts,' given that many game-shortening rule changes have nothing to do with slow openings, but we'll see.
    – warbaker
    Commented Jun 30, 2011 at 18:11

12 Answers 12


We've tried to replace the robber with a more benevolent figure (we used a LEGO Dumbledore microfig but you can just reuse the robber figure and call it, say, a magician)

  • When you roll a 7, move the magician to the tile you want
  • If the number on which the magician sits is rolled, all tiles overlooked by the magician get double the ressources for that turn

We came up with that because we don't like the robber that much, and it sped up the game quite a bit. Now, I suppose any house rule which gives more ressources would shorten the game length, but with that one is slightly strategic in nature.

Of course there's also the bog-standard way to change the duration of the game: instead of 10 victory points, aim for less (8 for example). As long as you agree before starting the game :-)

  • I will have to try the magician next time I play! Commented Dec 19, 2011 at 14:57
  • Very interesting rule change... Also, thanks for reminding us that we do not have to play to 10 points every time. :D + 1
    – JLZenor
    Commented Dec 12, 2012 at 20:03
  • I assume you keep the roll that you have to move it on a 7?
    – Styxsksu
    Commented Dec 28, 2018 at 20:28
  • Do you still lose half your cards if you have over 7 of them when a 7 is rolled? Commented Mar 28, 2020 at 17:27

We usually play Settlers of Catan with resource cards exposed. This dramatically shortens the trading, as there is no question of whether any player owns a particular resource. The 'drawback' of this, is that players no longer have to remember what's been received.

Another tactic we use to shorten the game is playing quickly. This isn't really a rules change, but if players agree at the beginning that they are hoping for a quick game, then this seems to give enough motivation for everyone to do so.

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    I never knew that they were supposed to be hidden. It seems like keeping them secret would just waste time and not really add much to the experience... Commented Jul 5, 2011 at 21:55
  • @Crazy, the monopoly card is much less risky to use if resource cards are always exposed. Commented Jul 12, 2011 at 20:15
  • @Dave Though, you can overcome that if you have a good eye for the resource stack sizes, even if you haven't been paying attention to rolls. If the wheat pile is at about two-thirds its original size (19), there are about 6-7 wheat cards outstanding.
    – warbaker
    Commented Jul 13, 2011 at 17:46
  • @war, that's true ... although one difference is that with face-up cards, you can pick a resource and also target a specific person who has quite a bit of it. Without tracking rolls, it's harder to do with face-down cards. (One downside to playing computer versions exclusively now - I don't own Settlers and am not around friends who do - is that you don't actually see physical cards, so I'd forgotten that there's actually a stack of wheat!) Commented Jul 13, 2011 at 18:03
  • Seem like it would make knights a lot more powerful since you know the spread of resources when thinking about stealing a card.
    – Styxsksu
    Commented Dec 28, 2018 at 20:24

In the setup phase, place a settlement first, and then a city second. This is one of the common changes that many of the longer adaptations feature and it just helps you get going quicker at the slower/earlier stages of the game.

  • Doesn't this give a huge advantage to player 4? In addition to getting to coordinate his city and settlement, he gets to place his city in the 4th-best spot (players 3-1 get theirs in the 6th-8th).
    – warbaker
    Commented Jul 11, 2011 at 18:03
  • For games like Cities & Knights where Cities can massively help you get victory points through Metropolises, sure they can. But for normal games, I think it's ok. Give it a try :)
    – Ian
    Commented Jul 21, 2011 at 12:08

When we only have time for a short game, we will eliminate the robber and allow each play to take a resource of their choice on roll of 7. It cuts the time a lot, and eliminates a lot of frustration when playing with people who are inexperienced with the game. (I like the using a city for the second settlement idea, and the gold if no resources. I want to try them!)


My preferred way to play is having 2 resource productions before each player's turn, which will come close to halving the length of the game. This takes out most of the waiting, because you will almost always be building something new every single turn.

The only problem is that its harder to get rid of your resources before a robber hits as you have to 'survive' twice as many potential times where a 7 might come up and make you discard. To balance this, you could allow an 'intermediary building phase' at the end of every player's turn where all players are allowed to build, but are only allowed to trade with the active player (this is how the 5-6 player expansion works).

If you really want to make the game quicker, you can eliminate the concept of turns altogether and let everyone build and trade at once after a designated number of resource productions happen, but this will make for a bit more chaos as players race to get the best trades and build a settlement in a choice spot as they no longer have to wait their turn before doing so. However, if your group likes a tenser, fast-paced game it's worth a shot.

I personally prefer to use a deck of cards with the same probabilities instead of rolling dice. Its a lot faster just to draw the top card of the deck, and its a ton more flexible because you can choose to go through the entire deck before reshuffling, so each number is guaranteed to come up a certain number of times. If your group doesn't having to randomly discard resources a lot, just remove a 7 or two from the deck. IMHO this adds a fair bit more strategy and flexibility that makes the game more enjoyable. :D

  • Interesting. You mention that people could use the special building phase found in the 5-6 player expansion -- is that what you personally use?
    – warbaker
    Commented Jul 5, 2011 at 16:41
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    @warbaker Since I use a deck of cards instead of dice I usually just remove one, maybe two 7's from the deck. This gives you a similar effect of robber-reduction but makes the game less hectic. I only mentioned the other way for people who play with dice and can't tweak the probabilities themselves. :D Commented Jul 5, 2011 at 22:24
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    Gotcha. To get an equivalent effect, die-rollers could simply declare certain 7's to be rerolls. For example, declaring 1+6 a reroll is equivalent to removing two cards.
    – warbaker
    Commented Jul 11, 2011 at 18:09
  • Removing the 7 can help fasten the game, what we did was, when you get a 7, you can either play it normally, or reroll (if you then get a second 7, you must play it as such).
    – Joubarc
    Commented Aug 16, 2011 at 18:55

A rule variation that I prefer is to limit the movement of the robber:
When a 7 is rolled or an army played, can move the robber one hex position.

This speeds up the game with more resource production, since you can't automatically move the robber to the location where your opponents produce the most resources.

Drawback is that robber tends to stay in the same area of the board so one player can get stuck with the robber for much of the game. So this becomes another strategic factor in initial placement an village/city construction location.


Stolen from Settlers of America.
A new currency is added: Gold.
On any non-robber roll if you receive no resources you receive 1 gold. Gold can not be stolen, but it can be traded to other players (usually 1 gold to sweeten a deal), or traded (maximum of twice per turn) to the bank for any resource at rate of 2 gold=1 resource. This doesn't speed up the game a ton, but like most of the other answers putting more resources in the game results in a faster finish.
We've talked about (but have not play tested either of these yet) having a settlement on the desert give you 1 gold when the robber is rolled OR having any settlements on the desert gives you a single extra gold when you receive no resources (never more than 2 though, even if you have 3 cities around the desert.)


We have found that slowness has a varying impact. Slow is ok when it's not boring (unless dinner is burning while you're "nearly finished!" for an hour), but slow is awful when it's boring. The worst possible slow part is the very beginning, with endless fussing about which direction to build in, and the worst is those very first few moves. We therefore have a house rule:

  • for the first three full turns, if you want to move one of your original two roads so that it connects to the same settlement, but goes in a different direction, you can.

This means that people still hum and haw about where to put the settlement, but they just plunk the road down immediately and we can move on. It also lowers the "I would have won except you cruelly blocked me on turn 2 and I had no chance I hate this game."

The other thing that slows a game tremendously is a very early robber release. When hardly any hexes are producing, stopping one has more impact than it does later on. So our second house rule:

  • for the first three full turns, a roll of 7 means nothing, roll again.

This prevents that slowdown and also the associated "I would have won but you randomly chose me for that robber on turn 3 and I had no chance I hate this game."

Honestly, a game where one person is just stuck with two settlements, two or three road segments, and basically nothing for the whole game, while the others work their way up to 7, 8, 9 points before that person gets a 3rd or 4th point is not only slow, it's less fun. So avoiding the two biggest causes of someone cratering is a good thing. Some of our more serious-gamer friends mock us for these rules and say that's what happens when you let your children play, but we've noticed that they speed up games and make everyone happier, so we're keeping them. (And the friends are happy to take advantage of those rules when they play at our house.)


Simply change the goal.

  • The game is too long? Then the goal is to reach 7 points.
  • The game is too short? Then the goal is to reach 12 points.

You can basically do that with any "number of points to win" game, it's so simple no one ever thinks about that!


Play no-trade reverse robber.

No trade is straight forward enough. No trading with other players is allowed. This means all the negotiation in turns is removed, which means you're often just rolling, picking up your resources, and passing the dice. You are still allowed to trade with the bank/ports.

Reverse robber. When you roll a 7, you are not allowed to put the robber on anyone else, unless you forced to. ie. You must either place the robber on an empty tile, or place it on your own tile. If there are no empty tiles, or no tiles that aren't solely occupied by you, then you may put it on a tile that you share with someone, and steal from them.

There are two variants of this rule. RR is stricter and says whenever you move the robber, whether by 7 or by knight, you must place it on yourself/empty tile. RR7 says that you're allowed to place the robber where you want, when you're playing a knight.

The effect this rule has, is that the 6/8s tend not to be blocked, so resources flow more freely.


We use a rule that both speeds up, but also helps NEWBIES and feel it is completely within the spirit of EuroGames giving a leg up to those falling behind and keeping them in the hunt!

Whenever 3 or more points behind the leader (of course only for visible points, not counting Victory Points!), any player that far behind, when their turn, and for the complete turn, their resource cards are WILD: simply count out the number of cards irrespective of what they are for any build: any 2 cards for a road or ship, any 5 for a City upgrade, etc. etc.

It adds a new strategy where people have ended such turns without "catching up" but rather achieving some "set up position" so that they may use this rule on their next turn also, turning it into a "two turn catapult!". For example, building a longest road without completing it, and leaving open a gap that no one can close, so that you can easily close the gap and complete the road next turn, along with whatever else you do. I've actually won games using this strategy, "catapulting" over the other players!


I have also heard of the playing with the resource cards face up but I hate this house rule because it takes away the fun of bluffing. Here's a couple suggestions:

  1. Come up with a standard way to phrase the bartering. I'm not sure how to do this but there has to be some way to avoid those confusions where people themselves want the same resource as you. Maybe players could say either: I want X, or I have X.
  2. Allow players to pick a random resource whenever they don't gain a resource from the dice roll.
  3. Institute a penalty for not passing the dice when your turn is over. Either losing a random resource card or losing a turn, depending on how harsh you want to be.
  4. Find one of those 1 minute hour glass things used in games like Pictionary and use that to make players take shorter turns. You could have a lose a turn penalty for going over too.
  5. Last, play to a smaller number of points. I like this the least as it doesn't allow for the normal progression of the game.

The items above with strikeout are ideas that I have not personally tried, at least not exactly as written. I didn't see that part of the question before. Feel free to edit/delete this answer if you like.

  • -1 doesn't sound like these suggestions have been tested. As the question notes, answers should be based on personal experience (or set your references).
    – Pat Ludwig
    Commented Jul 3, 2011 at 4:01
  • // , @Pat, it looks like ZombieDev has updated the answer appropriately. I can also corroborate that #4 in the list above. When done in response to the sort of player agreement mentioned in tttppp's answer, it can help a genial group of players keep track of themselves. My family has used this to good effect with a 2 minute setting. Commented Jan 4, 2017 at 6:12
  • // , What drawbacks do those changes above have, @ZombieDev? Commented Jan 4, 2017 at 6:15

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