# Why choose tsuke-nobi after a double keima against hoshi?

I have been looking at §28 of 38 Basic Joseki, which deals with a double keima kakari against a stone on hoshi. I realise that this book is old and restricts itself somewhat, but I am taking it as a way of getting a grounding in joseki.

Most of the variants treated start with tsuke-nobi to pressure a squeezed stone:

``````\$\$B
\$\$ ---------------------
\$\$ - . . . . . . . . . .
\$\$ - . . . . . . . . . .
\$\$ - . . a x . W . . . .
\$\$ - . . b X . . . . . X
\$\$ - . . d w e . . . . .
\$\$ - . . O 1 3 z . . . .
\$\$ - . . v 2 c y . . . .
\$\$ - . . . . . . . . . .
``````

Other variants are given, with reasons for choosing them, but I cannot formulate a strategic reason for Black to choose tsuke-nobi because White can choose so many different responses to it with different results. Of course Black could play it from habit or just hoping for a certain response, but that seems less satisfactory.

## The variants considered

• Tsuke-nobi: 1-3 as shown.
• W4@a
• B5@x — White: side + corner; Black: large top, can swallow marked stone, sente.
• B5@d — White: corner + small top, sente; Black: side high and strong.
• W4@b — White: side, option on corner; Black: big top, sente.
• W4@c, B5@y
• W6@zFight White: top weak, side medium, sente; Black: corner + cutting stones.
• W6@aTricky White: side weak, small corner, sente; Black: strong but little territory.
• W4@d — White: weakish top + side, sente; Black: decent corner, connected to centre.
• Tsuke-osae: 1-2 as shown, 3@dPeaceful White: see variants; Black: decent corner.
• W probably connects at v — White: moderately strong on both edges, option to reduce corner; Black: connected to centre, sente.
• W tries to enclose B (W4@3) — White: weak wall, sente; Black: shut in.
• Kosumi to 5-5: B1@e, W2@a, B3@xSimple White: decent side + corner; Black: strong top, sente.
• Kosumi to 3-3: If B has stones on both edges B1@a, W2@e, Black cuts — White: two weak groups, sente; Black: alive in corner.

## My question

Examining these variants, it is clear that Black can choose tsuke-osae, 5-5 or (given pincers against both kakaris) 3-3 to achieve the results in the last three options above. But what strategic purpose is served by tsuke-nobi, regardless of where White plays 4 (a/b/c/d)?

### What I hope for from the answer

• It is along the lines of If you want do do X, play A, but if you want to do Y, play tsuke-nobi, i.e. states the strategic goal served, maybe even gives an algorithm for choice. Obviously that will leave me to make some judgement(s), but at least I will know which.
• It assumes that I restrict myself to the above variants, and presumes my opponent does too, unless that assumption entails a severe loss for me. This because I am trying to impose some sort of limit on how much I learn for an initial grounding in this (and other) joseki. Comments on other variants may also be interesting, but are of subordinate importance to me.

Black at the 3-3 point is a special strategy that requires supporting stones in the area.

In the fuseki, without supporting stones, black's objective is to separate white, with 3 main options:

• tsuke nobi against the pincer stone (your diagram)
• tsuke nobi against the pincered stone
• 5-5 point

38 Basic Joseki is an older book that favors the first option. In more modern play you'll see the two other options as well. The tsuke nobi keeps the white stones separated, while the 5-5 point will put more emphasis on cental influence.