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The comprehensive rules state that

You must ensure that your face-down spells and permanents can easily be differentiated from each other. You’re not allowed to mix up the cards that represent them on the battlefield in order to confuse other players. The order they entered the battlefield should remain clear. Common methods for doing this include using markers or dice, or simply placing them in order on the battlefield

If my opponent makes an assumption about a facedown card based on public information that is wrong, am I required to correct his assumption?

For example, suppose I'm using a red, green, and blue markers to differentiate my morph creatures. I have a blue marked, red marked, and green marked creature on the field. I turn the red marked creature face up, triggering Deathmist Raptor's ability. I choose to return it to the battlefield face down, and put the red marker on it. Since it came from a public zone, my opponent knows that Deathmist Raptor is the red marked card.

Later, I attack with all three morph creatures and my opponent is thinking out loud when blocking. If he says something like "Deathmist Raptor is the blue marked creature", am I obligated to correct him? Alternatively, is he allowed to ask, "when Deathmist Raptor entered the battlefield face down, what color marker did you put on it?"

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You are required to say which card was the Deathmist Raptor when asked, and you are required to correct their mistake if they get it wrong.

The Magic Tournament Rules define free information as follows:

Free information is information to which all players are entitled access without contamination or omissions made by their opponents. If a player is ever unable or unwilling to provide free information to an opponent that has requested it, they should call a judge and explain the situation. Free information consists of:

  • Details of current game actions and past game actions that still affect the game state.
  • The name of any visible object.
  • The number and type of any counter that isn’t defined as status information.
  • The state (whether it’s tapped, attached to another permanent, face down, etc.) and current zone of any object or player.
  • The game score of the current match.
  • The current step and/or phase and which player(s) are active

Putting the Deathmist Raptor onto the battlefield face down was a past game action that still affects the game state. The details of that action include the name of the card that was moved from the graveyard (which was free information at the time), and which face down permanent that card became (because you need to distinguish which face-down permanent is which as mentioned in the question). You must provide that information when asked, and you must correct them if they get it wrong so that you are not hiding the information by omission.

Strictly speaking, the current identity of the face down Deathmist Raptor probably counts as private information, because that information is not explicitly listed as free or derived information:

Private information is information to which players have access only if they are able to determine it from the current visual game state or their own record of previous game actions.

  • Any information that is not status, free or derived is automatically private information

There is no rule against misrepresenting private information, but the distinction between "This permanent is currently a face-down Deathmist Raptor" (private) and "This permanent was previously a visible Deathmist Raptor card that was put onto the battlefield face down" (free) is so small that I suspect that most judges would not look kindly on using it as a reason to misrepresent or omit that information.

  • I see that our interpretations of the question are different. The question mentions the opponent asking about the card name specifically, which is hidden information; but of course which card is the one that returned from the graveyard to the battlefield is free information as you stated. Is it safe to assume that the phrasing of the opponent's question is relevant to the answer? – TheThirdMan Aug 30 at 20:11
  • @TheThirdMan I'm not sure that distinction is actually relevant... it was free information that a Deathmist Raptor was the card that was moved from the graveyard to the battlefield and marked with a red marker. Not just that "a card" was returned. – GendoIkari Aug 30 at 20:13
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    My opinion is that splitting hairs between "This permanent is the Deathmist Raptor" and "This permanent was the Deathmist Raptor" is playing with semantics in a way judges wouldn't appreciate. – murgatroid99 Aug 30 at 20:13
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    I'm not convinced by this answer. My understanding has been that if your opponent asks something like "Deathmist Raptor came in with the blue marker, right?" then you can't lie (because it's not private information) and you can't decline to answer (because it's not derived information). But I have never heard anything that says you have to actively listen for and correct statements your opponent makes, when they're not seeking any interaction from you. I can believe what you say here if (and only if) I see a reliable source backing it up, e.g. an explicit statement from a judge. – David Z Sep 2 at 11:42
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    That's fair; that's the part of the answer I was less sure about. I interpreted "without omission" to include "you can't let your opponent persist in a misconception you are aware of" but I can understand also interpreting it as applying only to direct questions. – murgatroid99 Sep 2 at 16:32
4

You are not required to correct opponent's statements about hidden characteristics of face-down cards

If your opponent had gained information about a card's characteristics such as its name (for example by you revealing it to them), but it currently is face-down, the card's identity is not public information, but hidden information (from the Magic Tournament Rules):

Hidden information refers to the faces of cards and other objects at which the rules of the game and format do not allow you to look.

From this rule, the definition of hidden information is not specific to cards never shown to the opponent(s), but instead relates to their current status. As soon as you stop revealing your card to the opponent (of course assuming you've given them an opportunity to read the card), all information about characteristics of the card become hidden information again, simply because it is now information your opponent isn't allowed to look at.

So if your opponent is asking specifically about a card name, as the question suggests, you are not required to point out which of your face-down cards has that name (although, there are some valid points brought up by GendoIkari in the comments that might be reason enough to be more lenient with a rules interpretation in such a case).

For a case in which they ask about the origins of the card instead, see murgatroid99's answer.


That said, you are allowed to correct your opponent about such information at your own disgression:

However, players may choose to reveal their hands or any other hidden information available to them, (...).

This is entirely up to you, though. You may be tempted to do so for example out of sportsmanship, or if you feel one of your actions (such as a switch in marker colors they glanced over in the heat of a match) had caused their misinterpretation of the situation - yet you're never required to do so.

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    I think the biggest issue, which was touched on somewhat in the chat room, is that both players know that there is only one way that the player should know the face-down permanent's name; and that is that it was the card that was publicly returned from the graveyard. There's a big difference between saying "is this a Deathmist Raptor?" in a situation where a random card had been manifested or played as a face-down morph; and saying "is this a Deathmist Raptor?" in the situation described. Even though the words are the same, the context makes a big difference. – GendoIkari Aug 30 at 21:57
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    In other words, in the context described, asking "is this a Deathmist Raptor?" is simply a clear shorthand for "Is this the Deathmist Raptor that you returned from your graveyard?" – GendoIkari Aug 30 at 21:58
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    @GendoIkari That's a good point, actually. I edited my answer to point to your comment. – TheThirdMan Aug 30 at 22:24

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