No, that won't work. If your opponent's creature has died, your opponent no longer controls it, and Huatli's ability will not see it.
If your opponent wants to get the life for the creature that would die from the sweeper, he has to activate Huatli before casting the sweeper.
Once your opponent has cast the sweeper (MtG slang for a spell or ability that damages/destroys/exiles etc. multiple permanents), it's on the stack and nobody can respond to it with a planeswalker's loyalty ability:
113.5. Some activated abilities are loyalty abilities. Loyalty abilities follow special rules: A player may activate a loyalty ability of a permanent they control any time they have priority and the stack is empty during a main phase of their turn [..]
The sweeper resolves and kills all applicable creatures. A creature that dies moves to the graveyard:
700.4. The term dies means “is put into a graveyard from the battlefield.”
Objects in the graveyard have no controller:
109.4. Only objects on the stack or on the battlefield have a controller. Objects that are neither on the stack nor on the battlefield aren’t controlled by any player.
"Creatures" is shorthand for "creature permanents", and permanents can only exist on the battlefield:
109.2. If a spell or ability uses a description of an object that includes a card type or subtype, but doesn’t include the word “card,” “spell,” “source,” or “scheme,” it means a permanent of that card type or subtype on the battlefield.
Therefore, when Huatli's loyalty ability selects the greatest toughness among creatures you control, it only looks at your creatures on the battlefield.