You surely deserve to get several answers this time!
The question shows the only way of misplacing the pieces on the chessboard where the rules let the game be played through. It is so because the rotation shown preserves square colors, and square colors are deemed relevant.
Chessboards used in tournaments often provide labels for ranks and files, many other chessboards don't. The rules do not mention or mandate any labels. The rules define the positions irrespective of how the chessboard labels them. The labels are supposed to provide help with writing down the moves. The rules mandate writing down the moves, but not any such aids on the chessboard or anywhere else.
In the position shown in the question, there's a white queen on d1. That d1 square is labelled as e8, but that doesn't make it e8 as far as the rules go. It is d1 because it's at the side of the table where the white player sits and because it is the fourth file counting from their left hand side.
An arbiter who observes that a player is using a notation system other than the algebraic (e.g., a rotated algebraic system in which the d1 square is consistently notated as e8) should warn the player of the requirement to call the squares the way the rules call them, rather than the way the rotated chessboard labels them; with the penalty being that the non-standard notation cannot be used as evidence if the state of the game ends up disputed later. Other than that, the arbiter will let the players go on playing with with the chessboard rotated by 180 degrees.
If there's no requirement to write down moves (e.g., in a blitz tournament), then it's unlikely that anyone would even notice that the labels are off, and if they did, nothing would follow from the fact.