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Questions tagged [bidding]

Bidding is an auction mechanic common to a variety of board and card games where two or more players or teams compete for a right or privilege. Bidding is common in trick-taking card game such as bridge, and several other bidding examples are provided in the bidding wiki page.

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Should bidders take "controls"into account when trying to bid a no trump slam?

By "controls," I mean the situation whereby an ace is worth two controls, and a king one. Given four aces and four kings, there are 12 controls in all. If two partners have 31 (random) high ...
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Where would modern bridge players draw the line in the following paradigm?

Take a hand like ♠ AK ♡ K ♢Txxxx ♣ Txxxx. In the old days (about 100 years ago), some experts might have evaluated the hand at 2.5 quick tricks and two five card suits and opened it 1 diamond (or 1 ...
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Do good bridge players open one diamond and rebid two clubs when they are "weak?"

With no one vulnerable, partner opened 1 diamond after one pass. I bid one heart with the following: ♠ J985 ♡ AT852 ♢95 ♣ A9. Partner rebid 2 clubs. I tried 2NT, thinking that partner had the minor ...
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What are the arguments for and against raising a "one over one" response with three to an honor?

The obvious danger is that you may end up in a 4-3 "Moyesian" fit if you do so. That appears to be why many members of my club hate that bid. Yet I feel that it provides useful information ...
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What does it mean when the laws say that a forcing 1NT response cannot guarantee invitational values?

"Invitational" usually means 10-12 high card points. A forcing 1NT response typically has a range of 6-12 points. I consider it unwise to bid a forcing 1NT with only 6-7 points. Does the ...
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If a responder to a strong 1NT bid is 5-4 in the majors, would it make better sense to use Stayman rather than a transfer bid?

At matchpoints, with only them vulnerable, I dealt and opened a strong (16 point) 1NT. Partner bid a 2 heart transfer (to spades) with the following: ♠ AT843 ♡ AQ87 ♢ Q5 ♣ Q7. I duly made the forced ...
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Am I underestimating the differences between these two hands if I bid them the same way?

In the first case, I was in "third" position, only them vulnerable at match points. Here I pre-empted 3 diamonds with the following 13 high card point hand: ♠ 2 ♡ KT ♢ AKQ6432 ♣ J53. I would ...
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Was it reasonable for me to pass my partner's 2NT bid?

With both sides vulnerable at matchpoints, left hand opponent (LHO) dealt and bid 1 diamond. Two passes followed. I doubled (takeout) with ♠ KJT5 ♡ AJT4 ♢ Q5 ♣ AT4. LHO rebid 2 clubs. Partner bid 2NT, ...
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Did I bid properly against a (weak) 1NT opening?

With no one vulnerable at matchpoints, right hand opponent dealt and bid 1NT (which was alerted as 11-14). I made a "big double" with the following 16 point hand: ♠ QJT ♡ 6 ♢ AKJT9 ♣ AJ54, ...
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Can I reasonably expect my partner to have a four card suit when responding to a takeout double?

With only them vulnerable at matchpoints, right hand opponent opened (a weak) two hearts in third seat. I doubled (for takeout) with the following: ♠ AKT ♡ Q ♢ AKQ642 ♣ A93 After left hand opponent ...
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Did I have enough information to call four spades in this situation?

With only them vulnerable, partner open 1 club (possibly a "convenient" minor) in second seat. My right hand opponent overcalled four hearts (showing eight). I passed with the following. ♠ ...
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Why might an auction go 1NT-3NT?

Sort of a follow up question to this question. In that question, the auction goes 1NT - pass - 3NT - all pass. The answers to the question point out that, by opening 1NT, declarer is saying they have ~...
Allure's user avatar
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Should there be different standards for a strong two club bid depending on the expected rebid?

A strong two club bid indicates the ability to take something like eight and a half tricks, with a meaningful portion of that being tricks outside the main suit. The test that I use is something like, ...
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Should the responder to a strong two club bid have been given a "double negative" option?

At matchpoints, with only them vulnerable, I was defending against a strong two club sequence bid by a husband and wife team. Wife opened 2 clubs (strong) on my right with ♠ AK64 ♡AQ ♢AQ ♣ KJ742. ...
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How strong a suit do you need to impose a (minor) suit on a partner bidding Michaels?

Not vulnerable versus vulnerable at matchpoints, I opened with a pass, LHO bid one spade, and partner bid two spades (Michaels), showing 5-5 in hearts and a minor. I bid three diamonds with the ...
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Should I have done something other than open one heart in the following situation?

At matchpoints, with only us vulnerable, I opened one heart in third position (after two passes) with the following: ♠ AK ♡QJT98432 ♢3 ♣ K9. Despite my eight hearts, I elected not to preempt in order ...
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Recommended Acol bidding after strong NT rebid

The bidding has proceeded as follows: 1S - 2D 2NT(*) - ? (*) 15-17 HCP balanced, denies 4H. With both majors, 1H would have been opened. Holding S: 6 5 H: 9 3 D: A K J 5 4 C: K 10 8 6 What is ...
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At what point (if at all) does the "captaincy" revert to a 1NT opener?

Suppose I open 1NT. This defines my hand within narrow limits (typically 15-17 high card points and "balanced" distribution), causing my partner, who now knows a lot about my hand, to become ...
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Did my partner and I get to 3NT in a reasonable way?

At matchpoints, with only them vulnerable, after three passes, I opened 1 diamond with the following 17 high card point hand: ♠ K97 ♡AK ♢AQJ982 ♣ 76. I did not open 1NT because of my two doubletons, ...
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When should someone make a minimum bid over a takeout double with 8 or more high card points?

There was this example cited by an expert (Frank Stewart}. On the hand ♠ 943 ♡A52 ♢AQJ ♣ 8732.the SE consensus was that "11" high card points were really more like seven because of the 4-3-3-...
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Why is the rationale for requiring a minimum 5-4 distribution for an "unusual" 2NT overcall?

At least, that's the understanding I got from this source on conventions (clause 4 of the "overcalls" section). My preference is for 5-5 in the minors or the two lowest relevant suits, and a ...
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Which of these hands should be opened in which late positions?

With no one vulnerable at matchpoints, I passed in first position with ten high card points. Ditto for second seat with eight high card points. Partner passed in third seat with eleven points and a ...
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Should I have opened the following hand in fourth position?

With everyone vulnerable at duplicate, there were three passes to me. I passed in fourth position holding the following: ♠ QJT642 ♡4 ♢K95 ♣ KJ3. We got a bottom because everyone else with our cards ...
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How should partner and I have gotten to 3NT?

Dealing, and with only us vulnerable at matchpoints, and holding ♠ 84 ♡AK5 ♢AKQT96 ♣ A6, I opened a timid one diamond, planning to bid 3NT if partner bid one spade or 1NT. Partner passed with six high ...
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How should partner have followed up his takeout double under the following circumstances?

With only them vulnerable at matchpoints, RHO dealt and passed as did I. LHO opened one club in third seat. Partner doubled (takeout) with the following: ♠ KJ5 ♡AKQJ ♢KJ2 ♣ T53. I bid one spade, my ...
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Under what circumstances might some modern experts bid no trump with "offshape" hands?

This question arises from the modern practice of sometimes bidding say, 1 NT with only a singleton ace (or even king). I would never do this with a singleton king, but might do with a singleton ace. I'...
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How should I choose which game to bid with this strong but misfit hand?

With only us vulnerable at matchpoints, I opened one club in second seat with this powerhouse: ♠ Q52 ♡AQT5 ♢void ♣ AKQ852. Left hand opponent passed, partner bid one diamond, right hand opponent bid ...
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What is the most expeditious way to defeat this (overbid) slam?

With nobody vulnerable (at matchpoints), I opened two spades (weak) as East. Partner, West, who had a big hand, raised me to six spades. (All other pairs stopped at four spades.) South doubled with ♠7 ...
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Is a 4-3-3-3 shape as negative in a no trump as in a suit contract?

With a "12 point" hand like ♠ QJ2 ♡K64 ♢A42 ♣ Q852, I might pass, rather than open in first or second seat because of its "flat" shape, for which I would deduct a point. It also ...
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Is it OK to refrain from exploring further at matchpoints when you are in a satisfactory contract?

With no one vulnerable, I opened one club in fourth position at matchpoints after three passes with the following:♠ J752 ♡AJ6 ♢A4 ♣ QT52. I did so because people at our club who pass with 12 high card ...
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How far should one go in preferring an eight card major suit game to a no trump game?

Both vulnerable at matchpoints, I dealt and bid one diamond (planning to rebid 2NT) with the following: ♠ JT8 ♡A6 ♢AK76 ♣ AKT4. An opponent overcalled one heart, and partner bid one spade, showing ...
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How should I have dealt with the Capelleti interference to my partner's 1NT bid

With no one vulnerable, partner opened 1NT (15-17) after three passes. The intervening opponent bid 2 clubs (Capelletti, a system I don't understand), except that it could indicate length in any suit.....
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How might one make value judgments regarding bidding systems?

In the comments section of this question, it was noted that the late Barry Crane would open "an 11 high card point hand containing a king. With good distributional hands open lighter." The ...
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Can you use Stayman (or other means) to rescue an inadequately protected 2NT bid?

This is a followup to a previous question. Neither vulnerable, I opened 2NT after two passes with the following: ♠ AKQ ♡ Q72 ♢AK872 ♣ Q8. This is a "conventional" holding with the a weak ...
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Under what circumstances should partner bid 3 clubs (Stayman) over a 2NT opening?

Opposite a 1NT bid, I need at least 8 high card points to bid Stayman (except for transfer or "garbage" Stayman). If we find our eight card fit and partner has 16, we are barely even money ...
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How far should a partnership explore altnernatives to a no trump game that is clearly indicated at matchpoints?

Here is an example of what I mean: With no one vulnerable at matchpoints, partner opened two clubs (strong) after three passes. I made the waiting bid of two diamonds, and partner bid three clubs with ...
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Did my partner make a plausible sequence of bids?

At matchpoints, with no one vulnerable, there were two passes before North opened one club. Partner (East) doubled. South bid one heart, and I (West) passed, since I was "off the hook. North ...
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What is the advantage of bidding to game in Rubber Bridge?

Suppose North-South ("N-S") has a combined hand that can make a contract of 4 Hearts. If they win 10 tricks and make 4 Hearts, then they get 120 points whether they bid 4 Hearts and made ...
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Is this small slam biddable and if so, how?

With only them vulnerable, right hand opponent dealt and opened two spades (weak). I overcalled three hearts with the following: ♠ K8 ♡ AKQJ52 ♢J976 ♣ J. I thought of making a "big" double ...
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At what vulnerabilities should one raise partner's overcall to the level supported by the law of total tricks?

Neither vulnerable at matchpoints, I dealt and passed. My left hand opponent bid one heart and partner overcalled two clubs. I put her on six of the suit, and after right hand opponent raised to three ...
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Did I have enough information to "balance" in the following situation?

With only us vulnerable, I dealt and passed, as did my left hand opponent. Partner opened 1 diamond, right hand opponent overcalled one spade, and I passed a second time with the following: ♠ QT42 ♡ ...
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Under what circumstances should I refrain from raising partners' three level pre-empt to four (when I have three trumps)?

With nobody vulnerable at matchpoints, partner dealt and pre-empted three spades with KQJxxxx (and some side values). With three small trumps, I raised him to four, following the Law of Total Tricks, ...
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Is it more important for a responder to bid their suit or raise partner under the following circumstances?

With only us vulnerable at matchpoints, I oponed one heart after dealer passed. The second opponent passed and partner had the following for a response: ♠ AQJ74 ♡ 742 ♢K754 ♣ 7. I would have expected ...
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Did I underbid or did my partner?

We were non-vulnerable versus vulnerable at matchpoint duplicate. Dealer passed to my right, so I opened one heart in second position with the following: ♠ AK86 ♡ T98654 ♢none ♣ K96. Only ten high ...
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How should an intervening bid have changed my response?

With only us vulnerable at matchpoints, partner (South) dealt and bid one diamond. If West had passed, I would have bid one spade (one over one) with ♠ JT83 ♡ Q943 ♢J87 ♣ Q2. For this, I have minimum ...
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Does it make sense to double (for penalty) in the following situation?

With only us vulnerable at matchpoints, and after two passes, I bid 1NT (15-17).Partner knows I would not "shade" my values for a 1NT bid in third position as I might with a suit. The direct ...
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Which of the following hands are good enough for a takeout double?

With only them vulnerable at matchpoints, the dealer opens one club. I would make a takeout double in the second seat with the following: ♠ AK97 ♡ K763 ♢6532 ♣ 9. It's only 10 high card points, but I ...
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What does a double mean when made by a partner who has already passed?

The bidding was North : Pass, East : Pass, South (me) : 1D, West : 2C, North : Double. North had a balanced 10 points including three clubs to the king, four hearts, three spades, and three ...
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2 answers
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What are the implications of fourth suit forcing in the following "strange" hand?

At matchpoints, with only our opponents vulnerable, my partner opened one diamond in fourth seat with the following: ♠ KQJ2 ♡ T7 ♢9873 ♣ KQ3. With opponents passing all bids, I responded one heart, ...
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Should I have raised partner or bid 1NT in the following situation?

Both vulnerable at matchpoints, I dealt and opened one diamond with the following: ♠ A86 ♡ K86 ♢QT75 ♣ KT5. Partner bid one heart. I was taught to raise a "one over one" bid to two on my ...
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