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Questions tagged [terminology]

Terminology refers to the lingo of the trade, definition and understanding of the terms used by experts on a subject.

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36 votes
7 answers
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What's the difference between a tactic and a strategy?

Some people consider tactics and strategy to be distinct (as they apply to boardgames), while I regard them both as "structured methods and plans to win". Are they distinct? And what are the ...
Michiel de Mare's user avatar
28 votes
5 answers
20k views

Who are "Johnny", "Timmy", and "Spike" and what do they do?

Often times when browsing different Magic: The Gathering sites, I will come across certain decks or cards that are said to be favoured by a Johnny, a Timmy or a Spike. Also, sometimes certain people ...
Malco's user avatar
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23 votes
9 answers
17k views

Are there names for the different types of adjacency in a square grid?

See the image. How do you call the blue cells in relation to the black cell? I've seen "orthogonally adjacent" for the first picture and "diagonally adjacent" for the second picture, but that leaves ...
Akiva Weinberger's user avatar
23 votes
2 answers
7k views

What is the name of the little humanoid figure used as player token or resource in some Euro games?

I used to play a lot of games during my childhood and the "player token" had a pattern: A cylinder/cone with a sphere on top of it. Pawn, start token, player token, we used a lot of names to define it....
user avatar
22 votes
3 answers
8k views

What is a Gateway Game?

Before joining the B&CG community, I had never heard the phrase "Gateway Game." The quintessential examples of Settlers of Catan, Ticket to Ride, and Carcassonne gives me a rough idea but Googling ...
Joe Golton's user avatar
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22 votes
5 answers
127k views

What's the difference between ante and blinds?

What is the difference between an "ante" and a "blind" in poker?
C. Ross's user avatar
  • 2,636
16 votes
1 answer
6k views

What is an LCG (Living Card Games)?

What is an LCG? I was looking at Lord of the Rings board games and came across Lord Of The Rings: The Card Game. I saw that all of the expansions were marked with LCG. I've done some Google searches,...
eric f's user avatar
  • 281
15 votes
3 answers
9k views

What is the difference between Draughts and Checkers?

Other than draughts is British English and checkers is American English, what is the difference between the two?
Hichem MG's user avatar
  • 151
14 votes
5 answers
10k views

Why is "LGS" the standard term for a game store?

Why is LGS the term of choice for gaming stores? Is it to specifically refer to local gaming stores, as opposed to distant or non-local gaming stores? I have never seen DGS or NLGS, so I don't know ...
Trevor D's user avatar
  • 243
14 votes
1 answer
2k views

In Power Grid, what are the phases and what are the steps?

My copy of Power Grid has an strange reversal of terminology between the cards: ... and the rules: Obviously this isn't a huge deal, but I just wonder which is correct in terms of the other editions ...
Mark Longair's user avatar
  • 1,502
13 votes
2 answers
1k views

In Chess what is the Queens or Kings Indian?

In Chess what is the Queens or Kings Indian, and why might it be useful?
C. Ross's user avatar
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12 votes
5 answers
5k views

Why do people call an n-sided die a "d-n"?

e.g. "d6", for a 6-sided die. Put the letter after the number, and that makes sense. That's an abbreviation for "six-dimensional". When you've got a tuple, for example, you just ...
user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
3k views

What is the name of the following chess opening? What are its pros and cons?

At some point, when I was young, I learned an opening that involves the following moves: possibly after moving queen's pawn to the centre (d4), move out king's knight to above the bishop (Nf3), move ...
thesunneversets's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
298 views

Where can I learn the lingo of Go?

I'm only a beginner at Go, but have been reading the questions in the go tag with interest. However, this game seems to have rather more special terminology than most. What do joseki, shimari, high-...
ire_and_curses's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
468 views

How is a roleplaying game not a board game? [closed]

Let's say you have a roleplaying game with these elements: a board on the table, depicting the rooms of a castle miniature pieces on the board, representing the different characters in the game cards ...
Joe's user avatar
  • 3,455
10 votes
3 answers
3k views

In trick taking games, terminology for not following suit

In most Trick-taking-games like Bridge, Spades and Whist, after the first seat plays a card, all other players must follow suit if they can. If second seat plays a card of the same suit, one can say: ...
Cohensius's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does BREAD stand for while drafting? [duplicate]

I was just reading What are good strategies for booster drafts?, but as a new player I'm not familiar with a lot of jargon. The accepted answer mentions that BREAD is important when drafting: "...
Lainathiel's user avatar
  • 2,385
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

What's a cantrip?

In discussions of Magic cards, I've heard a card called a cantrip on several occasions, but I haven't been able to find a definition of what that term means for MtG. Is a cantrip a particular card, a ...
JSBձոգչ's user avatar
  • 6,399
9 votes
4 answers
165 views

How many points are won/lost during this exchange?

$$ six=two $$ -.a..... $$ -....... $$ -...OOOO $$ -4....XO $$ -1OOOOOX $$ -XOXXO.X $$ -2X5.XX. $$ -3...... $$ -------- White territory around a is safe. Move 2 and 4 can be swapped for identical ...
龚元程's user avatar
  • 761
9 votes
2 answers
439 views

Is there an unofficial term for an artifact that produces mana?

Some terms have an unofficial but widely known meaning in Magic jargon. For example, a "cantrip" is a spell that lets you draw a card, and a "bear" is a vanilla 2/2 (with "...
corsiKa's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
338 views

Forbidden Pepsi Pogs

I was looking through the Wikipedia page for POG and noticed the following under the "Sets" section. Pepsi (occasionally referred to as "Forbidden Pepsi Pogs") Despite having grown up in the 90's ...
David Starkey's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the origin of the term "converted mana cost"?

In Magic: the Gathering, a card's converted mana cost is the card's mana cost converted to an integer by replacing all mana symbols with 1's and summing all of it. My conjecture here is that it was ...
Petr Hudeček's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is the meaning of 'karai' and how is it applied?

A Western insei recently wondered about the term "karai": Japanese players call black 57 "karai", which is a term which I haven't heard used in western go at all! The meaning appears to be ...
mafu's user avatar
  • 7,028
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Where does the term "sacred discard" come from?

In most variants of Mahjong with restrictions on when a player can complete their hand off a discarded tile (especially Japanese Mahjong with furiten), the English rules refer to the situation as a "...
Joe Z.'s user avatar
  • 1,113
7 votes
2 answers
308 views

A knight's movement

In chess, the knight moves in an 'L' shape. I have not found any additional name for this. Does this movement have a name other than 'L' shaped?
SDH's user avatar
  • 173
7 votes
3 answers
692 views

What's the etymology of the name Eldraine?

Ravnica is based on a Serbo-Croatian word for plain. And the other planes, like Phyrexia (basically "land of Phyresis") seem to have etymologies for their names... So, what's the etymology of the ...
Malady's user avatar
  • 461
6 votes
4 answers
197 views

Gaming Term for display of cards player can pick from?

I'm trying to find a single term for a display of cards that a player can pick from. The most obvious example would be the 5 cards turned face up in Ticket to Ride. I thought there was a term for this ...
Jontia's user avatar
  • 2,051
6 votes
3 answers
5k views

Is there a standard notation for poker games?

Is there a standard notation, like there is for chess, for describing Texas Hold 'Em, poker, or other poker-like card games? I think there was a standard for Bridge because I remember they would ...
Mike Skott's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
218 views

Is there a formal designation for "pure placement" games?

Specifically in the context of abstract or combinatorial games. As an example, Go and Reversi are both placement games. Although mathematically distinct (Reversi requires placement in the center at ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
  • 541
5 votes
5 answers
3k views

What is the difference between state-based effects and effects on the stack?

Being new to MTG, I've learned that abilities from spells go to the stack and resolve in reversed order of their placement on the stack. But I haven't heard of the term state-based effects until ...
Lainathiel's user avatar
  • 2,385
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the formal definition of a TCG?

What is the formal definition of a TCG? I am wondering this because it seems to be a blurry line between TCGs (Trading Card Games) and CCGs (Collectible Card Games). Aren't TCGs collectible?
Xetrov's user avatar
  • 1,564
5 votes
3 answers
720 views

Why is being in the dummy in bridge called "on the board"?

It is customary when declarer is in the dummy to say "on the board"? Where did this terminology come from?
Jack Lacy's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
453 views

What's the name of the theory that the player with the most options has the advantage?

A long time ago, I remember reading about a theory that sounds like this: Players A and B have access to options X and Y. Player A also has access to option Z. Player A is, at worst, equal to and, ...
Rainbolt's user avatar
  • 13.8k
4 votes
2 answers
10k views

Is "create a token" the same as "put a token onto the battlefield" in Kaladesh?

I'm looking at the new Kaladesh set, and there's the word "create", as in: Create two 1/1 colorless Servo artifact creature tokens. (from Servo Exhibition) Does that mean the same thing as: Put ...
Pro Q's user avatar
  • 325
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does MLD stand for?

I've seen some references to the term "MLD" but have failed to find a definition in any list of MTG terminology or slang. What does this mean?
intuited's user avatar
  • 325
4 votes
2 answers
156 views

Terminology for game with open information and fixed environment

Is there a technical term for games that are identical apart from player actions each time? No variability at all? Games like Chess and Go, as well as more modern games like the Gipf project games? ...
Jontia's user avatar
  • 2,051
4 votes
5 answers
357 views

Generic player position names for five player matches

I know in a four player game the standard terms for the players are: North South East West Now that I think about it I can just drop South for three handed games: North East West Five handed games ...
Erik's user avatar
  • 231
4 votes
1 answer
523 views

Is there a term for defensive effects that only/primarily function for attacking creatures?

There's a category of effects in Magic that I'd like to be able to name & categorise effectively, but I've never known the proper label for them: effects which minimise risk & harm to ...
doppelgreener's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
174 views

What is the best way to describe the turn order in Puerto Rico?

Inspired by this question which describes the "snake turn", is there a good label to give the turn order in Puerto Rico, where the first player starts the round, then the second player starts the ...
WishICouldGameMore's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
231 views

Card game vocabulary

I am building an online version of the game of Set, and I want to get my vocabulary straight. So far, the words I have are "card", "deck", "(card) feature", "set", "player" and "dealer". I am missing ...
Randomblue's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
350 views

Does the term "ramp" derive from the card "Rampant Growth?"

Many terms used in the context of Magic derive their names from individual cards. The usual example is to mill, which is derived from the effect of the card Millstone. Another common example is ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
109 views

Term for a "connected" set of tiles in grid based games

This is a terminology/nomenclature question in the context of grid based games, specifically the game of Pentomino. I'm not a native English speaker, so I feel like I would easily miss something. In ...
mafu's user avatar
  • 7,028
3 votes
2 answers
323 views

When was "pennant" renamed "coat of arms" in Carcassonne?

Carcassonne has historically used the term "pennant" to refer to the shield icons in cities but now appears to use the term "coat of arms". They both do the same thing (add two ...
Zags's user avatar
  • 18k
3 votes
1 answer
329 views

Is there a term for cards that have the same name in the same set (like basic lands) but are different cards?

It seems "reprints" is used for cards that are reprinted. But is there terminology for cards that have the same name but are in the same set? For example if there are 3 or 4 different "Mountain" ...
Howard's user avatar
  • 279
3 votes
1 answer
793 views

Where does the term "cube" come from?

In Magic, a cube is a collection of cards that is handpicked to make a good draft. A cube draft is a type of limited format that uses a cube to draft from. But what does "cube" mean? Does it refer to ...
GendoIkari's user avatar
  • 75.3k
3 votes
1 answer
439 views

Origin of Puppet Stayman

There are many variations, but I presume there was an initial original version of puppet stayman. Does anyone know who came up with it, and why it is named as such? (A google search has been ...
Aryabhata's user avatar
  • 4,313
3 votes
2 answers
179 views

What is meant by "game mechanics"?

What are game mechanics? Conceptually I think of the mechanics of the game as how it's played but the definition is a little fuzzy. I don't think rules and mechanics are the same - although I think ...
nick's user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
2 answers
346 views

Cold contract in bridge

A cold contract usually means that a contract, which makes on most reasonable lines, as the cards lie. You hear people say, "He managed to find a line to go down in a cold contract". (Note: the ...
Aryabhata's user avatar
  • 4,313
3 votes
0 answers
131 views

Is there a term for games that use kinetics?

Is there a particular name for categorizing board games that have some kinetics? Some of the examples are Fireball Island (monster throwing fireballs), Monopoly Jackpot (push button spinner) etc.
Akanksha Vishwakarma's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Does Aligned Hedron Network exile creatures that enter after it does?

In conjunction to my previous question here, I created some confusion for myself. I want to know how this scenario would pan out: My opponent casts 2-3 huge creatures (say Eldrazi Devastator, Ruin ...
ThunderToes's user avatar
  • 2,519