9

According to oldest.org, the oldest board game was Senet, invented ca. 3500 BCE in Egypt. Some other ancient games that are popular are Checkers (c.3000 BCE, Ancient Mesopotamia), Go (c.c.2000 BCE, Ancient China) and Chess (c.600 AD, India or China)


7

This academic paper makes a strong claim for Three Men's Morris (later to become Nine Men's Morris; the game is generalised to 'merels' in the paper); it may be that some Stone Age or Bronze Age petroglyphs were boards scratched on boulders near houses. R.C Bell, in Board Games from Many Civilizations, claimed that a Three Men's Morris board was scratched ...


5

The game is most likely Hnefatafl, the ancestor of a family of derivative modern games referred to as tafl games. Hnefatafl was the most popular board game in early-Medieval Europe, having accompanied the Vikings (who invented it) around Europe during their conquests and raids, until displaced by chess later in the era. I was able to find Whittaker, H. (...


3

The oldest games that could be considered "board" games are almost certainly of the Mancala family. Mancala pieces have been found throughout Africa (including Egypt) and The Middle East to dating all the way back past 6000 BCE, with the earliest potential Mancala board (Fig A) coming from ~7-6500 BCE at ʿAin Ghazal, but it's possible that two rows ...


2

The best pieces for giving checkmate are the chariots and cannon that move in straight lines and at long range. Horses can be used, but only at close range, which is to say that they are vulnerable to counterattack by the guards and elephants. It's helpful to realize that the two leaders are limited to nine points of their "headquarters." The "textbook" ...


1

Predominantly games of this style fall under either the Alquerque or Zamma families. There are a number of variants played globally, with the board shape and number of stones varying considerably depending on region. Games typically grouped in the Zamma family tend to have larger boards and stone counts, where Alquerque variants tend towards the smaller. ...


1

Not to forget Backgammon which is supposed to be one of the oldest games in existence. Around 5000 years ago it appeared in the Mesopotamian area. Until today experts are not sure if that was really a backgammon game or a distant relative or even a completely different game. The fact is that there was a board game in ancient Persia that was at least similar ...


1

The Mancala variant Oware was strongly solved in 2002. This basically means they have a database with the best move and outcome of all possible positions in the game. The researchers made their database available via a Java applet, but unfortunately, it's offline now.


1

This looks like the jumping frogs puzzle. There are several variants. The number of spaces and pieces can vary. The number of pieces you can jump over can vary. As far as I know, this qualifies as a puzzle. But I think you can play this as a game too.


1

None of the information that you have provided gives any information about the pieces or the board other then a suggestion at a possible use. Because of that it is hard to get into much specifics about the possible game other then that it appears to be military related. Here is what is said about it The Washington Post article that you linked. The ...


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